Assessment of the factors affecting the motivation and performance of nursing personnel in Cotabato Provincial Hospital: Basis for personnel development and incentives program.
Chapter I: Introduction A. Background of the study • The first paragraph is crucial for catching the attention of the audience and for conveying to them the importance of the questions that you have addressed in the paper. • The last paragraph of the introduction should be a short summary of what you set out to do. • The word “Background of the Study” does not need to show in the paper. B. Statement of the problem • It must capture the title of the study to be followed by the specific questions addressing the areas of concern. These questions are the ones to be answered in the result and discussion sections. C. Hypotheses • This is required in quantitative studies, specifically those only that use inferential statistics. It is stated in null form. If the study used only a descriptive statistic (i.e., percentage, mean, etc.) hypothesis is not required. D. Significance of the study • This refers to the contribution of the study to the scientific community, policy makers, recipients of the study, community (local and national), other relevant stakeholders and future researchers. E. Scope and limitations • In here, you should discuss the extent and boundaries to which the study variables are used. It also includes the potential constraints of the study that the researcher cannot control. F. Definition of terms • The study variables must be defined as they are operationally used in the study. Chapter II: Theoretical Framework A. Review of related literature and studies • Related literature is presented in topical form, not necessarily in chronological order. • The last paragraph of RRL should be a synthesis of the studies that will summarize and demonstrate the stand of the researcher after presenting all the studies conducted. B. Conceptual framework or theoretical framework • Conceptual framework provides the structure/content for the whole study drawn from the Review of Related Literature. The relationship among study variables is conceptualized/structured by the researcher to prove that the study has a basis. • Theoretical framework can be a ready theory that has been conceptualized already in the past. The researcher may just adopt it as the fundamental explanation of the phenomenon. • The researcher may use any of the two (although conceptual framework is more recommended especially in dissertation). The choice between conceptual framework and theoretical framework may be agreed by the panel that examines the paper. Chapter III: Methodology A. Research design • A concise description of the research method and justification for its use. B. Participants • This section presents a demographic profile of respondents and the rationale for choosing these participants. Avoid using the term subject especially if the researcher used human participants. • Sampling TECHNIQUE and the procedure of its conduct must also be detailed in this section. C. Instrumentation • All the instruments used in the study must be specified here including interview guides. If it is an adopted test, include the name of author, number of items, objective of the tool, etc. Include also the validity and reliability information of the test, and if possible two to three sample items. • If the researcher used apparatus and materials, for instance in experiments, include them all and their description. • Be careful not to describe procedures in the section. You should make clear what purpose the apparatus or materials served, but do not give a lot of details on the use of them at this point. One hint: • In this regard is to avoid using action verbs in this section. D. Data gathering procedure • This presents details of data collection procedures and the time frame. • Carefully summarize each step in the execution of the study that if this will be replicated by another researcher, he or she can perform the procedures exactly how it was conducted. E. Data analysis • This section provides the description of the analysis. If statistical analysis was used, do not write the formula. It only needs to provide the purpose of the analysis. In qualitative design, state the procedure on how data were analyzed. Chapter IV: Results and discussion A. Results • This is presented according to the statement of the problem. • Take a good hard look at all those numbers collected. Think of different ways to summarize them (describe), as well as to make sense of them (analyze). Present tables and/or figures as needed. • Briefly state the main findings in words. That is, first give a general description, then go into the details. • Do not discuss the implications of the results in this section. • When providing the narrative for the inferential statistics part, the general format is: Statistic (dt) = value, probability = value. Note that exact p values are preferred. Also, if the computer output says the probability is .0000, then report it as .001. B. Discussion • The purpose of the is section is to evaluate and interpret the results, especially with respect to the original research question. • Start off with a brief, non-technical summary of the results. Tell the reader about the main findings without using statistical terminology. • Discuss the implications of the results. Whatever was found needs to be discussed. • Discuss how the results relate to the literature you cited in chapter II. In other words, emphasize any theoretical consequence of the results. Chapter V: Summary of findings, conclusions and recommendations A. Summary of findings • Start this with the restatement of the research objectives. In the succeeding paragraphs, make a synopsis of the methodology and findings. This is presented in narrative format. B. Conclusions • This presents brief statements about the generalizations inferred from the results. • Provide the theoretical and practical implications of the findings discussed. C. Recommendations • Forthcoming actions are described in details. • Future directions of research may also be mentioned as part of the recommendations.