DISCRIMINATION AND CONFLICT IN EMPLOYMENT LAW (IN THE UNITED KINGDOM.) BASE ALL THE WORK IN THE UK + USE UK CASES AS EXAMPLES. USE Oxford Standard for the Citation of
Legal Authorities (OSCOLA).
Case study 2014/2015
XRA Co is a consultancy based in the south of England but operating nationally and internationally. Some years ago it adopted non-contractual grievance and
disciplinary and dismissal procedures based on the then statutory model. It claims to be “an equal opportunities employer” and has a harassment policy, which lists
examples of behaviour that could amount to harassment and details the action that will be taken against staff. All employees are entitled under their contract to 4
A number of issues are causing concern.
Jacques has worked for the firm for eight years and a half years and is now 39. He doesn’t get on with the new Managing Director and has been dismissed by him with due
notice. When he asked why he was being dismissed, in a meeting between the two of them, the MD told him ‘it’s because you’re a Catholic and I’m now in charge – and if
you tell anybody I said that I’ll deny it and you won’t be able to prove it’. The firm provides mobile devices and recording apps to a number of its staff for use in
the business and Jacques had covertly recorded the meeting. Steve is a 23 year old who started working for the firm eight months ago. In the course of reviewing files
he was given, he has discovered that some of the employees who provide consultancy for overseas clients have been paying and receiving bribes. He was told to ignore it
by his line manager but felt he should report it to the Managing Director due to the criminal nature and reputational threat to the firm. The Managing Director
subsequently dismissed him with a week’s notice.
Larry is a receptionist and has been suffering from lower back pain. This does not stop him from walking or running or carrying moderate weights but in each case this
could only be for short periods. He has heard that the firm a planning a refurbishment and that all backroom staff will be encouraged to stand at work terminals rather
than sit whereas it will be mandatory for outward facing staff to stand.
George, who is 43, is a middle level manager and has ambitions for promotion. Two months ago he was away on business with Bella, a senior manager from a different
division. She had a lightly flirtatious style with many colleagues but George was surprised when she followed him back to his hotel room following a business dinner
and leaning into him appeared to say that she could help his career if they came to a temporary reciprocal arrangement. Mal is 45 and has been subject to many taunts
and teasing by colleagues who have found out that Mal is an objectophile.
Eliza, 58, is one of a number of team leaders and the only woman at that level. She has discovered that she is being paid less than some of the other team leaders.
Marc, is 54 and has north African ancestry, is another team leader and he too is being paid less. Nick has worked for the firm for 12 years and has become increasingly
fat. He cannot walk up flights of stairs without becoming short of breath because of his size (his weight has hit 26 stone/165 kg). He has recently applied for a
promotion but has been told he does not reflect the right image.
Answer ALL of the following questions With using UK based Cases as examples:
1. Discuss any claims that Jacques and Steve could bring against the firm.?(40 marks) use cases
2. George and Mal are seeking advice. Consider the prospects of any claims they may bring under the Equality Act 2010. (You should not consider remedies for this
question.) use cases
3. Outline any claims within the Equality Act 2010 that Eliza and Nick could bring. (30 marks) use cases
Total: 100 marks
ASSESSMENT CRITERIA FOR LEGAL SUBJECTS – LEVEL THREE
As below plus:
Outstanding work – contains accurate, relevant material, demonstrates understanding of complex subject matter and, where appropriate, is able to view it in a wider
context. Shows originality and confidence in analysing and criticising assumptions, is aware of the limits of knowledge. Likely to add new insights to the topic and
approaches the quality of published material.
Evidence of extensive research, uses and presents references effectively with full and proper referencing of legal authorities. The answer has a thoughtful structure,
a clear message displaying personal reflection informed by wider reading of articles and/or other commentaries and a good grasp of detail (as evidenced by the choice
of relevant examples which are well integrated into the answer’s structure).
Such answers excel in most if not all the following criteria. • comprehensiveness and accuracy;?• clarity of argument and expression;?• integration of a range of
• evidence of wider reading;?• insight into the theoretical issues.