Comprehension Scenario comprehension instruction
José is a new student in the fifth grade. It is April and this is the third school José has been in this year. José adapts well to change, has a positive attitude toward school, and appears to have made friends at his new school. José does well in math and enjoys science and social studies. In the area of reading, José is able to easily decode unfamiliar words and reads with good expression. However, in the area of comprehension, José has difficulty answering questions that require reasoning and total understanding of the story. José also has difficulty identifying the main components of a story. José’s teacher, Ms. Lundy, states that although he enjoys reading and does not seem to be frustrated, he will not ask for help when needed, thus his reading grade is beginning to suffer. Ms. Lundy has the following instructional goals for José:
• Given a reading passage on his instructional level, José will answer inferential and evaluative comprehension questions;
• Given a reading passage on his instructional level, José will recall the main story elements.
Paulsen, K., & the IRIS Center. (2004).Comprehension & vocabulary: Grades 3–5.
Research three strategies regarding comprehension instruction that will assist José in reaching his goals.
In 500-600-words, decide which of José’s goals you would address first and explain why. For each goal, identify a strategy and explain why or how it will assist José in reaching his goals.
Include three sources from your research in your essay to support your position.