A2 Submission The assignment should be submitted through turnitin only.
Use turnitin as a learning tool submit your work at least one week befo re the assignment is due so that you can
check your referencing. Ensure that you submit the final version before the due date and time. The final version of
your essay will be graded.
A2 Description In Module 2 we have been examining the impacts of immigration in Australia at a national and local scale. We
have also explored the experiences of people immigrating to a new country. The purpose of this assessment is
to apply that understanding to a realworld context.
The assignment asks you to critically reflect on the impacts (including the positives and/ or challenges) or ethnic
residential concentration in a particular town centre. The town centre that you visit, Cabramatta, contain a
number of different groups these groups include the group that is the majority across Australia, as well as large
concentrations of groups that are a minority within Australia.
When you visit Cabramatta for your fieldwork you should start by identifying the impa ct of each ethnic group
that lives in the area on the landscape: what groups live in Cabramatta, and what evidence is there of these
NB. Before attempting your fieldwork you MUST listen to the safety briefing (week 6 online activity) AND fill in
the ‘Fieldwork Authorisation & Medical Questionnaire’, which is available through the vUWS website (in the
Assessments folder: photographic essay). Failure to complete this form before 9am Monday 15th September
will result in a zero (0) grade for the photographic essay.
Photographic Essay Learning Objectives:
After successful completion of this assignment students will be able to:
1. Construct inventories on the urban impacts of social processes.
2. Illustrate, using graphics and text, landscape and social change.
3. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the different measures of social change.
4. Understand theories of diversity, community and sense of place.
5. Work effectively in the field.
6. Understand and summarise the competing political arguments regarding the impacts of global forces like
Resources for this assignment:
We have developed a series of lectures, workshops and other resources to get you started on this assignment.
1. Lectures in weeks 6, 7 and 10
2. In workshops from week 6 you will learn: How to do the fieldwork, how to use the photos in your essay,
and how to conduct the background research
3. Videos to help you in Cabramatta are availa ble on vUWS: Select the ‘Assessments’ folder > Photographic
essay folder > Cabramatta fieldtrip.
4. Background readings to get you started: see below.
Critically reflect on the impacts (inclu ding the positives and/ or challenges) of ethnic residential concentration in
Cabramatta. Utilise your field data (photographs, field transe ct etc) and make reference to relevant literature. Five
(5) photographs must be included in the essay as evidence to support and illustrate your argument.
Before you visit Cabramatta you must attend the Week 7 workshop, where you will learn how to do the fieldwork
and fill in the ‘Fieldwork safety briefing’ document in vUWS (as above).
Conducting the required fieldwork
The essay requires that you use 5 photos taken in the town centre that you have chosen. The photos are a form of
School of Social Sciences and Psychology Learning Guide Page 12 of 16
primary data and will act as evidence in your essay. You will use them to explain and illustrate the key points that
you wish to make. You should ensure that you have done some background reading about the town centre before
you visit it so that you know what type of photographs you will need.
• In addition to taking photographs, you might like to conduct a ‘street transect’ down 1 or 2 key streets in
the town centre, or as a cross section of the suburb. This is another form of primary data collection. For
example, in Cabramatta you could conduct a transect of John Street, counting the types of businesses on
the main street and the type of culture that they repr esent. Further information about how to do a transect
is available in: the fieldwork briefing in the Week 7 workshop, and in the ‘What is a street transect’ vi deo in
the vUWS Assessments folder. For an excellent example of how a transect is used in research see the
reading: Bridge, G and Dowling, R (2001) Microgeographies of Retailing and Gentrification. Australian
Geographer . 32(1), pp.93 107. These authors conducted a transect of retail stores on four streets in inner
city Sydney. Table 2 and Table 3 in their paper are an example of how you might present transect data; you
should also read the text of paper to see how they discuss and explain the important detail in the table.
• We ecourage you to use secondary data to add rigour and value to your argument. For example, you could
utilis e ABS data about your town centre (see workshop week 4).
References / Readings:
Suggested initial readings for the essay topic:
Birrell, B 1993, ‘Ethnic concentrations: the Vietnamese experience’, People and Place, vol. 1, no. 3, pp.2632.
Boal, FW 1976, ‘Ethnic residential segregation’, in: D.T. Herbert and R.J. John ston (Eds), Social areas in cities,
volume 1: spatial processes and form, London, John Wiley, pp.4179.
Burnley, IH 1994, ‘Immigration, ancestry, and residence in Sydney’, Australian Geographical Studies, vol. 32, no. 1,
Dunn, KM 1993, ‘The Vietnamese concen tration in Cabramatta: Site of avoi dance and deprivation, or island of
adjustment and participation?’, Australian Geographical Studies, vol. 31, no. 2, pp.22845. (see also
Dunn, KM 1998, ‘Rethinking ethnic concentration: the case of Cabramatta, Sydney’, Urban Studies, vol. 35, no. 3,
Dunn, KM 2004, ‘Islam in Australia: contesting the discourse of absence’, The Australian Geographer, vol. 35, no. 3,
Lewis, PF 1979, ‘Axioms for reading the landscape’, in The interpretation of ordinary landscapes: geographical
essays, D.W. Meinig (ed.), Oxford University Press, New York, pp.11 32.
Waitt, G, McGuirk, P, Dunn, K, Hartig, K & Burnley, I 2000, Introducing human geography: globalisation, difference
and inequality, Longman, Sydney (various pages depending on essay question).
Winchester, HPW, Kong, L, Dunn, KM 2003, Landscapes: ways of imagining the world, Pearson Education, London
Format of your Photographic Essay:
During your independent fieldwork you must collect photographs, and other data (e.g. transect and other
observations), for integration into your photographic essay. Your essay must include five (5) useful photographs.
Instruction on the fieldwork and the support material (worksheets, etc) will occur in tutorials/workshops.
The text (1000 words max, excluding Reference List and Figure captions and sources) must be typed and either 1.5
or double spaced.
Ensure that you record the location of each photograph yo u ta ke, the direction you were facing, the subject of the
photograph and the date/ time the photograph was taken. This information MUST be included in the source
statement for the photograph.
School of Social Sciences and Psychology Learning Guide Page 13 of 16
Broadly, half of the marks in the essay will be allocated according to your pres entation of the data, the standard of
the data collected, and its integration with the text. The other half of your marks will be determined by the
structure and content of your argument (e.g. coherence of argument, appropriate reference to the literature).
Ensure that you use the background scholarly literature (see initial suggested readin gs above). See the marking
criteria for this assignment for information ab out how many scholarly sources are required.
As with all titles of ‘geographic evidence’ (tables, bar graphs, pie charts, etc) the 3Ws must be covered in the title
(caption) for a map: “what, where & when” (see Workshops in weeks 3 and 11 ). Remember the other basics about
Acknowledge all sources even if paraphrasing or summarising, au thor and date still needed. Avoid online
dictionaries or Wikipedia etc. No marks for quotations (onl y for your own words). Do not cite lecture notes – go to
the original source. The readings should inform your choice of landscapes to photograph.
Use proper paragraph structures:
“A fairly typical paragraph begins with a topic sentence that makes a general statemen t. The sentences that follow
then support or develop that statemen t with details, examples and evidence” (Australian Government Publishing
Style Manual, 1988:6).
Structure your essay. Have an Introduction that is aligne d with a Conclusion. The Intr oduction should be a road
map for the essay, and present your key argument and/or theory, define your case study, etc. The Conclusion must
address the points raised in the In troduction. Address the essay questi on being answered. Make sure the
argument is actually in response to the question pick out keywords, make sure if it says critically evaluate that
you “critically evaluate”, etc.
Smaller points regarding Photographic Essays:
• Do not use symbols in text (e.g. %), use the term “percentage”.
• Do not start a sentence with a numeric. Instead: “Fifteen percent of people …”
• Data are plural.
• Full stops only at end of sentence (unless an abbreviation stop): “… according to Dunn (2004).” Not: “…
according to Dunn. (2004)”
• Do not use the possessive to describe Sydney or Au stralia. “Sydney has become polarised”. NOT “We have
• Do not use conjunctions in formal text. “Can not”, NOT “Can’t”.
• Explain what acronyms stand for at their first use (NSW, GWS, DoP)