1. ASSESSMENT OF THE MODULE
Coursework will require each student to write an essay of 2000 words on the following questions:-
With reference to new theories of trade, account for the increased importance in the last fifty years of intra-industry trade as a component of world trade.
For London-based students, the essay should be handed into the Faculty Office (LR105) and a signed receipt collected as evidence that the work has been submitted on time. A copy of a TURNITIN report should also be attached (see below). The essay must also indicate the word count.
Any work handed in beyond the deadline without prior permission will be subject to a penalty. If the work is submitted within two weeks of the deadline without an extension being granted, the mark will automatically be capped at 50%. Any work submitted more than two weeks after the deadline without an extension being granted will be awarded a mark of zero. Requests for an extension on grounds of extenuating circumstances must be submitted to the Course Director with supporting evidence.
All students are strongly advised to keep back-up copies (both hard and soft forms) of their essay in case of the unlikely event of their work being lost.
Guidance on preparing and writing an essay
Students who are not familiar with writing essays are strongly encouraged to make use of the Academic Skills link available on Moodle (and Blackboard) which explains the nature of an essay and the way to write it. The essay should seek to answer the specific question asked. It should begin with an introduction and finish with a conclusion with the essay divided appropriately into paragraphs. However, an important requirement of an essay is that it should hang together as a whole, such that each paragraph follows logically on from the other, picking up and developing the argument of the previous paragraph. For this reason, sub-headings should not be used in the writing of an essay, although a good essay will have a self-evident structure with a proper ordering of different arguments or points. If appropriate, diagrams, tables or charts may be used to illustrate an argument, providing that they are fully explained and referred to in the text. The use or inclusion of a list of bullet points, however, is definitely not acceptable.
A good essay should be balanced, presenting both sides of an argument and be written in an objective and unbiased manner. Wherever possible, arguments should be supported with evidence drawn either from the existing literature or other in other published work or based on deductive reasoning. Unsubstantiated statements or assertions and/or emotive expressions of personal feelings or prejudices should not be found in the essay.
A good essay will always start and finish well and great care should be taken with both. The opening sentence or two plays an important role in setting the scene for what the rest of the essay is about. The use of a quotation from another writer which encapsulates what the question is about is one way of starting an essay. The concluding paragraph should bring together all the arguments developed in the essay and, if possible, finish with a statement that summarises the main argument running throughout the essay. At this point, the student may give their own opinion on the topic, but taking care to ensure that this is fully supported by the arguments already made and the evidence provided in the preceding essay.
All essays must be typed or word-processed and written in good quality English, using proper sentences, correct punctuation, right spelling and correct grammar. Under no circumstances should an essay be written in note form. Students for whom English is not their first language are strongly advised to get their work checked by an English speaker before submitting.
All essays must be properly referenced, taking care to cite the sources from which particular arguments have come or from which evidence in support of the argument being made has been drawn. The essay must include a bibliography at the end, with a list of all the books, journal articles, reports, working papers and other published work used as sources in the writing of the essay. (Lecture notes should not be included in the bibliography as these are not a published work). Where use has been made of a website on the internet, details of the website should also be given. However, where an article or paper has been downloaded from the internet, full details of the author and paper must be given. Please note that, where a reference has been made to a publication by another publication, both should be included in the bibliography. The bibliography should be written in alphabetical order by author’s surname. It is important to remember that the bibliography is an indication of the breadth of reading undertaken in the writing of the essay, as well the relevance and importance of the sources used.
Although there are different systems of referencing, students are required to use the Harvard System of referencing. Guidance on the use of this system of referencing is available as a link on the Moodle (or Blackboard) site. Where the essay is referring to the argument of another author or the findings of another piece of published research, the name of the author (or organisation) should appear in brackets at the end of the sentence or paragraph with the date of the publication e.g. Grimwade,N., 2000. Please note that the surname or second name of the author (with initials) only is used. At the end of the essay, the bibliography should then give the full details of the source. For a book, this should include the full name and initials of the author, authors or editors, the full title of the book or article, the edition, the place of publication, the publisher and the date of publication. For example, Grimwade, N, International Trade: new patterns of trade, production and investment, 2nd edition, London and New York: Routledge, 2000. In the case of a journal article, the full name of the author or authors, the full title of the journal article, the full name of the journal, the volume and issue number and the date of publication should be given. Marks will be deducted for inadequate, incomplete or incorrect referencing.
Any essay that has been plagiarised (i.e. copied from another source), in whole or in part, will not be marked and will be reported to the Course Director as a case of academic misconduct. Students are advised that copying of any kind from any source is not allowed and constitutes a form of academic misconduct. All students are therefore required to submit their coursework to TURNITIN using the Moodle site. This will indicate the extent to which any part of the essay has been copied from another source. Students will be able to submit their essays to TURNITIN two times, once as a draft and second as a final version, so that they have the opportunity to eliminate any cases of plagiarism identified in the originality report. Please note that students from overseas centres are also required to submit their essay to TURNITIN. No essay will be marked unless a final version of the essay has been submitted to TURNITIN.
Students should familiarise themselves with the university rules about plagiarism. Quotations from another author are permissible, but must be put in quotation marks and details provided of the source either in a footnote or in the bibliography at the end. Please note that it is not acceptable to quote large chunks from another author, where the basic argument could have been put by the student in his/her own words. Quotations are to be used only where a point is expressed in a unique or poignant way by another author, which the student wishes to encapsulate in his/her essay.
Please that any essay that is substantially above or below the word limit will be penalised, subject to a margin of plus or minus 10%. i.e. 200 words excluding the bibliography. The word count for an essay is obtainable from the originality report on TURNITIN.
Students may wish to show a draft version of their essay to their seminar tutor for feedback before the essay is submitted for assessment. However, please note that your tutor will require at least one week to read the essay and to make any comments. Please note that seminar tutors will only be willing to read one draft version of the essay per student, so it will be up to the student to act on any feedback given by the tutor. It is also important that the draft version has been corrected for poor English before being shown to the tutor.